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56 DESIGN007 MAGAZINE I JANUARY 2019 Progress in developing high-density em- bedded-component substrate capability has accelerated through the cooperation and joint development programs between many government and industry organizations and technical universities. In addition to these joint development programs, several independent laboratories and package assembly service providers have developed a number of proprietary processes for embedding the uncased semiconductor elements. Developers have found that embedding the semiconductors on an inner layer of the PCB or package substrate directly in line with active and passive components mounted on the outer surface ensures that the conductor interface between related components will be minimized. There are a number of methods used for interconnecting uncased semiconductor com- ponents. Semiconductor elements can be mounted onto the core substrate in the faceup orientation or facedown. When placing the die with the active surface of the die facing up, termination will likely adopt copper-plated microvia methodology. Meanwhile, facedown placement will enable the direct interface to land patterns provided on the designated layer of the circuit structure As noted in Part 6 of this series, the semiconductor fabrication process initially furnishes the die with aluminum bond pads on its perimeter for the traditional wire-bond interface process. Faceup Semiconductor Termination Both gold wire-bond and ribbon-bond processes may be applied for completing the die-to-substrate interface. In preparation for this process, a cavity is provided in the substrate (typical of that described in Part 4) to provide clearance for both the die attach and terminal interface. The faceup attachment method traditionally adopts an adhesive material (liquid epoxy or film) for initially attaching the die to the substrate's surface. Termination lands are positioned on the upper layer of the cavity in line with the wire-bond termination sites on the die element (Figure 1). When alternative interface methods are required, the semiconductor terminal sites must be furnished with an alloy that will be compatible with the specific attachment material or interface method selected. For Embedding Components, Part 7: Semiconductor Placement and Termination Methodologies Designers Notebook by Vern Solberg, CONSULTANT Figure 1: Cavity-mounted die for wire-bond termination.

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