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44 PCB007 MAGAZINE I SEPTEMBER 2019 Feature by Jean-Pierre Theret DASSAULT SYSTÈMES Abstract To support regulations on hazardous sub- stances in materials and products—such as the automotive EU end-of-life vehicle (ELV) direc- tive, the Electronics and Electrical Equipment Restriction of Hazardous Substances (RoHS) regulations, and the EU Registration Evaluation Authorization and Restriction of Chemicals (REACH) regulation—industry sectors have defined and deployed various data exchange standards and cloud-based supplier portals to ease data collection in the supply chains and reduce burden in particular for small and me- dium enterprises (SME). In particular, the electronics/electrical sector has developed the IPC-1752 standard offering an XML data exchange format to support the EU RoHS. The automotive sector has put in place two major tools: the International Mate- rial Data System (IMDS) used by most of the car manufacturers and their suppliers globally, and the China Automotive Material Data Sys- tem (CAMDS). The International Electrotech- nical Committee (IEC) under TC111 responsi- bility has defined the IEC 62474 standard as a child of several existing standards, includ- ing IPC-1752. Aerospace and defense with the heavy equipment industries have developed the new IPC-1754 standard in the IPC-175x series to support their specific requirements in particular to include process chemicals and declaration against any industry substance lists. Industry sectors now seem ready to work on convergence to a unique material declara- tion standard covering data exchange for the above regulations for all product sectors. The "European Proactive Alliance" was launched in March/May 2018; it is an initiative to es- tablish such a unique data exchange standard for reporting "Substances in Articles." The IEC 62474, IPC-1752A and IPC-1754 standards (or a harmonized IPC-175x series) are the candi- dates for this journey. This article presents the set of requirements that the standard(s) would have to support in the coming years to become the global one for a large set of sectors, including automotive, chem - icals, furniture, childcare products, electrical Future of 'Substances and Materials in Products' Data Exchange Formats as Standards

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